Tuesday, 7 August 2018

Sources of contamination, prevalence, and antimicrobial resistance of thermophilic Campylobacterisolated from turkeys

Research (Published online: 07-08-2018)
9. Sources of contamination, prevalence, and antimicrobial resistance of thermophilic Campylobacterisolated from turkeys
Radia Bouhamed, Leila Bouayad, Sara Messad, Safia Zenia, Malek Naim and Taha-Mossadak Hamdi
Veterinary World, 11(8): 1074-1081

Aim: Sources of contamination, prevalence, and antimicrobial susceptibility of thermophilic Campylobacter isolated from turkey samples were determined.
Materials and Methods: A total of 300 samples were collected from 3 farms (fecal droppings) and 4 poultry slaughterhouses (neck skins and ceca) located in the middle area of Algeria (Algiers, Boumerdes, and Bouira). After detection, an antibiogram was realized only for slaughterhouses samples.
Results: Samples from cecum (90.0%, 90/100; 95% confidence interval (CI)=84.1-95.9%), fecal dropping (68.0%, 68/100; 95% CI=58.9-77.1%), and neck skin (55.0%, 55/100; 95% CI=45.2-64.8%) were positive for thermophilic Campylobacter (p<0.05). Contamination rate of turkey carcasses was higher in modern slaughterhouse (96.7%) than in traditional slaughterhouses (37.1%) (p<0.05). Isolated strains were resistant to nalidixic acid (NA) (87.5%), tetracycline (TE) (81.3%), ciprofloxacin (CIP) (75.0%), ampicillin (AM) (65.6%), and erythromycin (25.0%) (p<0.05). 96.9% (124/128) of the isolates were multiresistant and 18 drug resistance patterns were registered. The predominant one (43.0%) was AM, NA, CIP, and TE.
Conclusions: Potential sources of contamination of this fastidious bacterium were noticed in farms and slaughterhouses. Modern slaughterhouse allowed contamination of turkey carcasses more than a traditional slaughterhouse. However, the scalding step could not represent a source of contamination. The most tested strains exhibited resistance to erythromycin and/or CIP. It is worrisome because these molecules are considered as first-choice antibiotics for human campylobacteriosis.
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance, farm, slaughterhouse, Thermophilic Campylobacter, turkey.

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