Saturday, 3 June 2017

Traditional treatment of human and animal salmonelloses in Southern Benin: Knowledge of farmers and traditherapists

Research (Published online: 03-06-2017)
3. Traditional treatment of human and animal salmonelloses in Southern Benin: Knowledge of farmers and traditherapists
T. V. Dougnon, E. Deguenon, L. Fah, B. Legba, Y. M. G. Hounmanou, J. Agbankpe, A. Amadou, H. Koudokpon,  K. Fabiyi, A. Aniambossou, P. Assogba, E. Hounsa, M. de Souza, F. Avlessi, T. J. Dougnon, F. Gbaguidi, M. Boko, H. S. Bankole and L. Baba-Moussa
Veterinary World, 10(6): 580-592

Aim: This study aimed to report medicinal plants that are likely to be used in the control of salmonellosis.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Southern Benin. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered
to 150 farmers and 100 traditional therapists in seven high municipalities. This step helped to collect plants that are used in the treatment
of animal salmonellosis and typhoid fever in human.

Results: The results revealed a low level of use of medicinal plants among breeders who prefer antibiotics such as oxytetracycline (53.55%),
tylosine + sulfadimerazine (15.30%), and alphaceryl (19.13%). However, plants such as Moringa oleifera (leaves), Carica papaya 
(leaves and seeds), and Vernonia amygdalina (leaves) were mostly used by some farmers. From traditional therapists, 57 plant species of
32 families were identified as typhoid fever cures; among which Leguminosae, Asteraceae, and Euphorbiaceae were predominant. 
Persea americana (22.72%), V. amygdalina (7.57%), and Corchorus olitorius (7.57%) were the most cited by traditherapists for the
treatment of typhoid fever in human.

Conclusion: This study provides a database for further studies on the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of Benin plant species on 
Salmonella spp. These evaluations will guarantee the availability of new therapeutic solutions for populations.

Keywords: farmers, medicinal plants, salmonellosis, Southern Benin, traditherapists.

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