Saturday, 5 May 2018

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts in dogs in Lusaka district of Zambia

Research (Published online: 06-05-2018)
3. Prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. oocysts in dogs in Lusaka district of Zambia
Lamson Mugala, Joyce Siwila, Ngonda Saasa and Girja Shanker Pandey
Veterinary World, 11(5): 585-589
Aim: Cryptosporidium is one of the causes of diarrheal illness in man and animals worldwide and is zoonotic. The study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with fecal shedding of Cryptosporidium oocysts in dogs in Lusaka district of Zambia.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lusaka district of Zambia during 2015-2016. A total of 390 dogs (243 males and 147 females) aged 2 months-13 years were enrolled. Fecal samples were collected and stained using modified Ziehl-Neelsen and Auramine O staining techniques and examined microscopically for oocysts.
Results: Overall, the prevalence of Cryptosporidium oocysts infection was 5.9% (23/390; 95% confidence interval: 3.9-8.7). Prevalence among male dogs and female dogs was 5.3% and 6.8%, respectively. Older dogs had a relatively higher infection rate compared to the younger puppies. There was a statistically significant difference in infection between nondescript breed and pure breeds with prevalence being higher in nondescript dog breeds. Water source was also significantly associated with Cryptosporidium infection.
Conclusion: Cryptosporidium infections are common, especially among the nondescript breed of domestic dogs in Lusaka district of Zambia. Further studies to characterize the common species are warranted.
Keywords: Cryptosporidium spp., dogs, Lusaka, prevalence, Zambia.

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